The Conditions

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Neck Pain
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Shoulder pain
Back pain
Lower Back pain
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Khee Pain
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Legs & Foot Pain

Injuries of the ACL range from mild such as small tears to severe when the ligament is completely torn. There are many ways the ACL can be torn; the most prevalent is when the knee is bent too much toward the back and when it goes too far to the side. Tears in the anterior cruciate ligament often take place when the knee receives a direct impact from the front while the leg is in a stable position. Torn ACL’s are most often related to high impact sports or when the knee is forced to make sharp changes in movement and during abrupt stops from high speed. Continued athletic activity on a knee with an ACL injury can have devastating consequences, resulting in massive cartilage damage, leading to an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis later in life.

Symptoms include:

Hearing a popping sound whilst changing direction
Pain at the back of the knee.

ear of a meniscus is a rupturing of one or more of the fibrocartilage strips in the knee called menisci. Can be referred to as “torn cartilage” . Menisci can be torn during innocuous activities such as walking or squatting. They can also be torn by traumatic force encountered in sports or other forms of physical exertion. The traumatic action is most often a twisting movement at the knee while the leg is bent. In older adults, the meniscus can be damaged following prolonged ‘wear and tear’ called a degenerative tear.

Symptoms include:

Inability to fully straighten or bend the knee
Pain going up or down stairs
Swelling around knee.

Patello-femoral issues relate to the correct ‘fit’ or tracking on the patella within the knee joint. This can be affected by the position and structure of the patella itself, muscle strength or tight tissues.

Symptoms  include :

Pain in knee which worsens with going up or down stairs or when  bended for a prolonged period.

Ankle & Foot Pain

The ligaments of the ankle hold the ankle bones and joint in position, and therefore help to stabilise the ankle joint. They protect the ankle joint from abnormal movements-especially twisting, turning, and rolling of the foot.

A sprained ankle is a common cause of ankle pain. A sprain is stretching and or tearing of ligaments. The most common is an inversion sprain where the ankle turns over so the sole of the foot faces inwards, damaging the ligaments on the outside of the ankle.

The risk of an ankle sprain is greatest during activities that involve explosive side-to-side motion, such as football/tennis/ basketball/netball.

Symptoms include:

Swelling around the ankle
Bruising around the ankle (which can extend along the outside of the foot)
Pain around entire ankle joint
Pain on weightbearing.

A high ankle sprain is an injury to the large ligaments (called the syndesmosis) above the ankle that join together the two long bones of the lower leg. High ankle sprains commonly occur from a sudden and forceful outward twisting of the foot, which commonly occurs in contact and cutting sports such as soccer, rugby union and rugby league. The ligament can also be an associated injury with more common low ankle sprains, and even ankle fractures.

A high ankle sprain causes symptoms similar to other ankle sprains, but patients often complain of pain when the ankle is turned outwards or when the calf is squeezed.

Symptoms include:

Pain around the front of the ankle
Pain when foot is turned outwards
Pain when calf is squeezed.

A stress fracture is generally an overuse injury. It occurs when muscles become fatigued or overloaded and can not absorb the stress and shock and repeated impact. Fatigued muscles transfer that stress to the nearby bone and the result is a small crack or fracture, in the bone.

Symptoms include:

High levels of very localized pain
Increased pain when doing specific loaded activity.